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Asthma is a condition that affects the airways – the small tubes that carry air in and out of the lungs. When a person with asthma comes into contact with something that irritates his airways (an asthma trigger), the muscles around the walls of the airways tighten so that the airways become narrower and the lining of the airways becomes inflamed and starts to swell. Sometimes sticky mucus or phlegm builds up that can further narrow the airways. All these reactions cause the airways to become narrower and irritated - making it difficult to breathe and leading to symptoms of asthma.
Sometimes, no matter how careful you are about taking your asthma medicines and avoiding your triggers, you may find that you have an asthma attack.
Asthma sufferers usually carry two types of inhalers:
Brown – which is the preventative
Blue – for the treatment of an attack
Drugs in these do vary so only use that person's inhaler
The following guidelines are suitable for both children and adults and are the recommended steps to follow in an asthma attack:
You are having an asthma attack if any of the following happen:
Do not be afraid of causing a fuss, even at night. If you are admitted to hospital or an accident and emergency department because of your asthma, take details of your medicines with you.