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We're now going to look at injuries to the eyes, and the eyes can be injured in different ways. We could have something like a chemical get into the eye. If you get a chemical into the eye, we need to wash it out. We can turn the head to one side and then wash the chemical out. Just make sure you're not washing the chemical in this direction because you'll then pop the chemical into the other eye, which is not good. If you have got chemicals in the eyes, we can just physically wash those out with saline solution, eyewash stations, or clean water. If you have got a chemical, obviously, make sure that you know what that chemical is, 'because you need to put that information across to the emergency medical services.
Other things that can happen can be a cut to the eye, the actual skin around the eye itself. So, the actual eye is not damaged, but you've actually got a cut onto maybe onto the eyelid. Now, with this, we can just put over an eye patch as the dressing that goes onto it, and then get them to the emergency medical services. If they've got a cut to the eye and there's blood there, this is obviously going to restrict their sight, and anything like this is going to pretty worrying about the patient. The whole time, with any type of eye injury, you need to try and reassure the patient and tell them they're going to be okay, and also be very careful that they're not doing more damage by moving their eyes. One thing with the eyes is the eyes track together. If you were just to cover one eye up and leave the other eye exposed, then both eyes will move when the person looks around. If you think there's an area where someone's going to be damaged by moving the eye, if it's just a cut maybe to the eyelid it might not be such a problem, but if you had an empowered object into the eye or there were problems with the eye movement, then you would need to make sure that both eyes are covered.
One simple way of doing this is just literally to get the patient to cup their hands over their eyes and lean them forward. If you just take both hands and just put them over your eyes and just lean yourself forward and just stay in that position. What we're doing here, we've got the person, they're in a safe, secure position, sat down. Both their eyes are covered. Keep your hand on their shoulder just so that they know you're there. Keep talking to them, and then you can wait until the emergency medical services arrive. That position is great if you want the person just to sit securely.
Now, other little things that can get into the eyes could be just a small speck of dirt. Now, the problem when you start trying to get something like a speck of dirt out of the eye is you could do more problems, more injury to the person. If it is just something small in the eye, you may be able to just flush it out with water. Or just by blinking sometimes it can be forced into the corner of the eye. And then you can maybe just use something like the corner of a sterile dressing or a tissue just to pull it away from the inside of the eye. Now, if you have managed to get something out of the eye, then it is likely the person is still going to get some discomfort. It may be the eye itself has been scratched or something else is still in the eye, so you would need to get this patient checked out.
Common injuries to the eye could be a lump of metal in the eye. Now, no amount of rubbing or blinking is going to get that out. You need to secure the eye. You need to cover it over. Stop them moving it, 'because the more that moves, the more damage is going to be done, the more cuts to the inside of the eyelid or to the surface of the eye. Now, what you then do is take them to the hospital. And what the hospital will do is they'll just use a small magnet and actually remove that. It is quite a simple process in most of these cases. But where within a first aid side is concerned, if we are not careful, then this person could do more damage. So, getting them to cover their eyes over is a really good way, and then you can transport them to hospital.
If you are moving somebody who's got bandages or dressings in their eyes, be very careful. Support them, guide them, help them through, 'because they'll be putting all of their sight trust in you. Now, we're going to look at how the two different types of putting dressings on. Now, this is just a standard eye pad. This type of dressing is in most first aid kits. All you do is open it up and then just undo the actual dressing. And inside there, you've got the pad already sewn onto the bandage itself.
What we can do is just place this over the eye. Just take any hair out of the eye, pop it over the eye and then just bring the bandage round to the back. With any dressing on the head, just be careful you don't cover the ears up because it's bad enough if you've taken over the loss of the person's sight in one eye, the last thing you want to do is also restrict hearing. Just bandage that up and just check it's all okay. In this example, we're just covering one eye, so maybe here, we just got a cut to the eyelid. But it might be a good idea also to give them another dressing or tissues, just in case there's any blood dripping down their face. They can then mop that up and keep themselves a little bit more comfortable.