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In completing this course, we're looking at children and infants and older children, and each one of those can be different sizes. Now there's not a real direct relation between a child's age and height. You can have a relatively young child, very tall, or vice versa. So, what we're going to do now is just have a little look at the differences and how you can deal with this as a first aider. So, if we start with the youngest group we deal with in first aid, these are classified as infants. It's roughly between the age of birth and one year old. So, these will be babies who we would maybe need to look at differently if there was illnesses or injury or cardiac arrest. When we get to the next side, this is when we come to the child. A child is defined as the age of one to puberty. Now in this gap between infant and child, it may well be that you need to just make your judgement. It may well be when we're talking about CPR, difference between two fingers and one hand. It may well be that a child is larger or smaller or how you deal with choking is different. But the key thing will be, is someone looking at something like bleeding.

If an infant was bleeding and lost a set amounts of blood if the child would let it would be a much more serious for that infant than it would with a child. When we go up the ages, we're then looking into the older child. Now when we're looking at first aid, the rules and regulations with older children are very much the same as adults. So often, what we're looking at in this course will be an older child is also what you do with for adults. There will some slight differences in how the child is, compared with an adult. So, the definition of what we're calling an older child is between the ages of puberty up to typically the ages of 16 to 18 when they're leaving school. Now, in the eyes of first aid, the definition of what we would do with an older child and an adult is the same, but the conditions they may suffer from would be different.

So, if you've got an adult that may be more prone to strokes and heart attacks, cardiac conditions, things like that whereas an older child would be more prone to accidents and other problems that you might need to deal with. In looking at this whole spectrum of ages, the age is not really the primary concern. It's looking at each individual case that you are dealing with. So, in the eyes of first aid, we'll teach you later in the course, if you can't do CPR on an infant with two fingers, use one hand. If you can't use one hand, you use two hands. And finally, when you're looking at dealing with any children, then typically the drop-off period when it starts getting serious is much more sudden. So, as you're dealing with an adult, typically a graph would go along a nice steady decline in condition whereas children typically tend to shoot straight down. So, you need to be really aware of the condition you're dealing with. Make sure you're very observant when dealing with children and also bear in mind that children don't always tell you the truth.