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What we're going to do now is look at Peadiatric First Aid Kits. What I've done, I've just taken some of the contents out of first aid kits and laid them down, and we're going to look at each one of these products individually. A standard first aid kit would have more than we've got here, but just as easy to show you the individual components.

The first thing would be the gloves. These particular ones here have vinyl gloves, some have nitrile gloves, but they won't tend to have latex gloves because of allergy problems. And they'd have more than one pair of gloves. These are sealed in a plastic bag, sometimes other kits will have them in a cardboard box. Other things you have got for safety is resuscitation face shield. Now, we've covered on other components in this course about resuscitation and the safety side. What this would be is a mouthpiece that goes over the patient's face so that you're breathing through, and it's avoiding any contamination between you and the patient.

For small injuries, which happen quite a lot with children, I've got a box of plasters, and there are different sizes of plasters in here. These are nothing that you haven't seen before with other first aid kits. Now, the main thing with them is to keep them clean, and also if you're just taking a plaster out of the first aid kit, make sure you've not got blood on your hands, or your gloves rather, and then you touch the box and therefore you get blood from the first aid kit. Sometimes with plasters, it might be a good idea to have a separate plaster away from your main first aid kit that you're using.

If the child has got a slightly larger cut, or you can't get a plaster to stick, you can also use a small gauze pad. And with the pad, that will just go over the wound. And then you can use one of these, this is a tubular bandage. Undo it just slightly, and you just pop the tubular bandage over the applicator. Just push some of it onto the applicator itself, and then you can pop the child's finger in. Hold this at the base. Pull it away. Twist half a turn. Push it back in. Hold, twist. And you can just do that a couple of times. And then once you've done that, bring it to the end, and you can seal it off, cut it, and then just fold the last bit back. It's a very easy way of getting a dressing to stay on a child's finger. Once it's secured to the finger, you can then use something like Micropore tape. And the Micropore tape should have no problems with allergies, but it'll just hold that dressing in place, or hold any other types of pads or dressings you want in place.

Other dressings we've got in the first aid kits are the standard eye pads. And with this, it's just a pad that goes over the child's eye, and you'll tie around the back of the head. Remember, if you're using anything like this, it can be quite scary for a child to have their vision impaired, so take extreme care. Other larger dressings would be a standard dressing that we'll cover in the bleeding subject on the course, and this has got a gauze pad, and also a bandage attached to it. This is good for serious bleeding or large areas. And there's typically two sizes, a standard medium dressing, and a standard large dressing.

If you need to clean the wound up, the kits also have a moist wipe, and this will help to clean an area. This can be quite good for cleaning any instruments you've got. You can use it for cleaning hands. You can also use it for just cleaning off dirt from maybe a grazed knee, something like that. It just enables you to clean the surface easily, and it's slightly moist so it's easier to lift the dirt off.

If you had to put the arm into a sling, or you need to use a padding, triangular bandages are ideal, and there's a few of these into the first aid kits. They're quite useful for lots of things. You can use them for broken arms. You could use them for bleeding, for elevated slings. And when we cover other modules on the course, you'll see exactly how to use these. Linked in with those, first aid kits typically will have some safety pins. And then when you're putting arms in slings, we show you in the course you don't have to use safety pins, but they're in there just in case you need them. And if you are making a sling for someone, you can also use tape if you wanted to. There's also some gauze swabs. These can be used for cleaning up an area, or if you've got some saline solution, you're just dabbing on, to clean up a wound. You can use those. Or just use them to mop up some blood if there's an excess amount of blood. Just pop that down where the bleeding is, and it will just keep it a little bit cleaner.

Finally, the other item you have in the first aid kits are scissors. Now there's been a lot of talk about scissors, that you should or should not have them in first day kits, but these ones are blunt-ended, they're quite safe to use. But they are quite important when dealing with first aid. If you do need to cut dressings, you do need to use them. But when you got a first aid kit, all these items here, particularly the scissors as well, you need to keep them out of reach of children. You don't want children playing with it. You don't want them getting access to the scissors. You also don't want the first aid equipment getting damaged because you never know when you might need it. Maybe a child's been playing with it so they've opened all the dressings, and now they're not sterile.

First aid kits also have some kind of first aid guide in them. This will just give you a recap on information on how to do CPR, and serious bleeding, and other information. And they also usually will have a label as well to show exactly what the contents of the first aid kit should be. Another thing you can do, if you go to the download area and print off the student handbook for this course, you might want to keep that with the first aid kit, so you've got a reference book, and the first aid kit all together. As far as the casing that all this goes into, there's lots and lots of different types. They can be in plastic cases, or a modern fabric type case, which is easier to transport. The important thing with first aid kits, keep them out of the reach of children. Keep them in a dry, not too much humidity, dust-free environment. And also make sure they're clearly labelled, and all members of staff and parents know exactly where the first aid kit is.