Paediatric 12 Hour First Aid Level 3 (VTQ) - Online Blended Part 1

132 videos, 6 hours and 7 minutes

Course Content

The Respiratory System

Video 93 of 132
1 min 58 sec
Want to watch this video? Sign up for the course or enter your email below to watch one free video.

Unlock This Video Now for FREE

This video is normally available to paying customers.
You may unlock this video for FREE. Enter your email address for instant access AND to receive ongoing updates and special discounts related to this topic.

The Respiratory System Explained

The respiratory system is crucial for human survival, enabling the inhalation of oxygen and exhalation of carbon dioxide. Any obstruction or malfunction within this system can have serious consequences.

Anatomy of the Respiratory System

A closer look at the components and functioning of the human respiratory system.

Pathway of Air

  • Inhalation: Air enters through the nose or mouth, travels down the throat into the pharynx, and then proceeds to the larynx.
  • Trachea and Bronchi: Air moves down the trachea and into the chest, where it is divided into the lungs via two bronchi.

Bronchioles and Alveoli

The bronchi further branch into numerous bronchioles, each ending in an alveolus. These tiny air sacs, numbering around 300 million in adult lungs, are where the critical gas exchange occurs.

Gas Exchange Process

  • Oxygen Uptake: Oxygen from inhaled air passes into the bloodstream within the alveoli.
  • CO2 Elimination: Carbon dioxide diffuses from the blood back into the lungs, ready to be exhaled.

Exhalation Mechanism

The carbon dioxide-rich air is expelled from the lungs, up through the airway, and out of the mouth or nose.

Diaphragm and Intercostal Muscles

Underneath the lungs lies the diaphragm, a key muscle that facilitates breathing. The external and internal intercostal muscles also play a significant role in the respiratory process.

Interesting Fact

The diaphragm's involuntary contractions are responsible for hiccups, highlighting its importance in respiratory mechanics.